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Flier Describing the Book (pdf)
2004 edition (see 2007 paperback below)
"Combating creationism in its various guises continues to divert limited resources away from public education, and takes time away from enjoyable scholarship. But what choice do we have? To fight effectively, we must know our enemy. The most thorough introduction to that enemy is Creationism’s Trojan Horse. Its authors are heroes."
— Bruce Grant, Skeptic, "Intentional Deception: Intelligent Design Creationism," E-Skeptic Hotline #22
Creationism's Trojan Horse:
The Wedge of Intelligent DesignBarbara Forrest & Paul R. Gross
Oxford University Press 2004
Now available in 2007 paperback edition
with update chapter including Dover trial
Decision in Favor of Plaintiffs
Judge John E. Jones III, Middle District of Pennsylvania :
Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School District
Post-Kitzmiller Interviews with Barbara Forrest:
Culture Shocks, December 21, 2005
Science Friday, December 23, 2005
Infidel Guy, January 2006
in Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School District (2005)
"The 'Vise Strategy' Undone:
Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School District,"
CSICOP Creation & Intelligent Design Watch, Summer 2006
Glenn Branch, "Understanding Creationism after Kitzmiller"
BioScience, March 2007
Website Updates as of October 2007
In Creationism's Trojan Horse, Forrest and Gross examine in full detail the claims and operations of the “Intelligent Design” movement, the most recent manifestation of American creationism. Explaining and analyzing what “design theorists” call their “Wedge Strategy,” they document the Wedge’s aggressive political and public relations campaigning. The most notable feature of the movement’s purportedly new scientific paradigm is an abject failure to produce scientific data in support of its claims or even a coherent research program. Instead, the Wedge maintains a crowded nationwide schedule of lectures, popular publications for its mostly conservative Christian constituency, and media appearances, all sustained by generous funding from religious benefactors. The Wedge has intruded itself efficiently into educational politics at local, state, and national levels.
Forrest and Gross detail efforts of intelligent design proponents to influence science standards in Kansas and Ohio, and to influence federal education legislation through the so-called “Santorum amendment” of the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act. They demonstrate the continuity of intelligent design with traditional creationism, including all the scientific claims, exposing its religious core and purposes. By displaying the movement’s alliance with Religious Right extremism, the book reveals the significance of William Dembski’s statement that the intelligent design movement’s challenge to the “evolutionary naturalism of Darwin” is “ground zero of the culture war.”
Statement from Michael Cavanaugh, President, Institute on Religion in an Age of Science
Science, "Shapes of a Wedge," by Steve Olson, May 7, 2004
The Beacon, newsletter of the Coalition for Excellence in Science and Math Education (CESE), June 2004, p. 3: Review by Bill MacPherson
Skeptic, E-Skeptic Hotline #22: "Intentional Deception: Intelligent Design Creationism," by Dr. Bruce S. Grant, Emeritus Professor of Biology, College of William and Mary
Evolution & Development 6:4, 289-291 (2004): "The Creationist Hydra Grows a New Head," by Rudolf A. Raff, Dept. of Biology and Indiana Molecular Biology Institute, Indiana University
CSICOP — "IDing ID," by Chris Mooney in "Doubt and About," August 9, 2004
Tristero weblog, "The Wedge," by Richard Einhorn, October 15, 2004
Physics & Society, review of Creationism's Trojan Horse, by Lawrence Lerner, January 2005, pp. 16-18
Bioscience, "Intelligent Design's Empty but Explosive Black Box," by Barry Palevitz, March 2005
Tradition and Society, 32 (2), 2005-2006, review of Creationism's Trojan Horse, by Phil Mullins for the Polanyi Society
American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, "Should Schools Teach Intelligent Design?" Science Wars (Barbara Forrest at 2:39:34), Washington, DC, October 21, 2005
Columbia Political Union, “The Politics of Intelligent Design,” with Joel Cracraft, Barbara Forrest, Nick Matzke, and Rev. John Rankin, Columbia University, New York, NY, February 27, 2006
Allison Hoffman, independent filmmaker, "Evolution vs. Creationism," Listen to the Scientists, Anaheim, CA, April 6, 2006
• “Listen to the Scientists” (Forrest at 9:29)
• “History of Evolution vs. Creationism” (Forrest at 8:40)
• “Purposes and Goals of Creationism”
• “Science Teachers Challenged”
BBC, “War on Science,” Horizon, 2006
Massachusetts School of Law, “Evolution and Intelligent Design: The Science, the Debate, and the Legal Landscape,” Educational Forum, with Kenneth Miller and David DeWolf, October 29, 2006
Center for Inquiry Community and Student Leadership Conference, “Inside Creationism’s Trojan Horse: A Closer Look at Intelligent Design,” Amherst, NY, June 16, 2007
ABC Nightline on Intelligent Design, with Barbara Forrest, August 10, 2005
Culture Shocks, radio program of Americans United for Separation of Church and State
• Barry Lynn's interview with Barbara Forrest, May 10, 2004
• Barry Lynn's interview with Barbara Forrest & Hiram Sasser, September 26, 2005
• Barry Lynn's post-Kitzmiller interview with Barbara Forrest, December 21, 2005
Infidel Guy, with Reginald Finley, also of The Debate Hour
NPR's Weekend Edition, "Intelligent Design and the Theory of Evolution," featuring Barbara Forrest, May 2, 2004.
NPR's Science Friday, post-Kitzmiller interview with Barbara Forrest, December 23, 2005
Point of Inquiry, D. J. Grothe interview with Barbara Forrest, February 16, 2007
PowerPoint Radio, "In the Beginning: A Look at Creation & Evolution," interview with Barbara Forrest,
November 21, 2004 (includes paleontologist David R. Schwimmer, Columbus State University; John Calvert, Intelligent Design Network; and Casey Luskin, Discovery Institute)Ring of Fire Radio, Air America
• Robert F. Kennedy Jr., interview about intelligent design with Barbara Forrest, Part One, February 12, 2005
• Part Two, February 12, 2005
Church & State, "A Conversation with Barbara Forrest," by Americans United for Separation of Church and State, February 2005
AAAS Eurekalert Chat with Experts: Evolution, with Kenneth Miller, Eugenie Scott, and Barbara Forrest, June 28, 2005
More by Forrest & Gross
Intelligent Design Creationism
Curriculum Vitae (July 2007)
Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District
Paul R. Gross
Why We Wrote This Book
Religious interference in American science and science education is an old story. But intelligent design proponents’ cultivation of support for efforts to eliminate evolution from public school science, or to disparage it, and to secure recognition of creationists’ claims of scientific legitimacy, are today enjoying unprecedented, nationwide success. For the first time, such claims seem to many lay observers to have become respectable. In fact, however, they are no more respectable as scholarly inquiry, or specifically as biological science, than were their discredited “creation science” predecessors. Unfortunately, this is not widely understood. Nor is the seamless continuity of “Intelligent Design Theory” with other recognized forms of creationism. Having examined in detail claims made by members of the “Wedge,” we saw it as our professional and civic obligation to scholarship and science to prepare a fully documented account of their anti-evolution agenda. We came to understand that, for the well-being of science and science education, the seamless continuity of intelligent design and traditional creationism must be demonstrated for our colleagues and the knowledgeable public. The narrowness of Wedge strategists’ religious aims, which do not reflect the values of the broader, more tolerant religious community, must be exposed, as must ID’s pervasively sham methods of inquiry. People who value science and the benefits of life in an enlightened society must be alerted to the Wedge’s political, cultural, and religious ambitions.
What You Can Do (Besides Reading Our Book)
• Defend public science education: Join the National Center for Science Education
• Defend church-state separation: Join Americans United for Separation of Church & State
• Stay abreast of the issue by visiting these websites:
TalkReason at http://www.talkreason.org
The Panda’s Thumb at http://www.pandasthumb.org
Ignorant Design at http://www.ignorantdesign.com/
• Find out about ID’s attempts to infiltrate public science education:
Alabama Citizens for Science Education at http://www.alscience.org
Burlington-Edison (WA) Committee for Science Education at http://www.scienceormyth.org
Coalition for Excellence in Science and Math Education at http://www.cesame-nm.org/
Georgia Citizens for Integrity in Science Education at http://www.georgiascience.org/
Kansas Citizens for Science at http://www.kcfs.org
Michigan Citizens for Science at http://www.michigancitizensforscience.org/
New Mexicans for Science & Reason at http://www.nmsr.org/nmevhist.htm
Ohio Citizens for Science at http://www.ohioscience.org/
Texas Citizens for Science at http://www.texscience.org/
Richard Gelwick, "Polanyi Scholarship and the Former Baylor Polanyi Center"
We are pleased to offer an essay by Prof. Richard Gelwick concerning the establishment of the Michael Polanyi Center, an intelligent design creationist think tank, at Baylor University in 1999. Now retired, Prof. Gelwick is a founding member of The Polanyi Society and wrote the first doctoral dissertation about Polanyi's work. He maintains an active interest in matters relating to Polanyi and is a regular participant in Polanyi Society meetings. He continues to publish scholarly articles, the most current of which is "Michael Polanyi's Daring Epistemology and the Hunger for Teleology," Zygon, March 2005.
Current Articles of Interest
The State of State Science Standards 2005
Under the auspices of the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, Paul R. Gross, Ursula Goodenough, Lawrence S. Lerner, Martha Schwartz, Richards Schwartz, and Chester E. Finn, Jr., have repeated Lerner's 2000 evaluation of state science standards.
"Nuance and Honor"
Essay in honor of Susan Haack in A Lady of Distinctions: Susan Haack: The Philosopher Responds to her Critics. (Prometheus Books, 2007), 191-201. Used with the kind permission of Prometheus Press.
“Intelligent Design ‘theory’ (ID) has been well described as Creationism in a cheap Tuxedo. One of its luminaries, we are told, has ‘angrily denied that ID is stealth creationism.’ He’s right. There's no stealth about it. It is creationism. Unfortunately, ID ‘theorists’ have a streetwise political professionalism to outweigh the amateurishness of their science, and we therefore cannot ignore them. Barbara Forrest and Paul Gross meticulously document their pretensions, destroy their arguments, and expose their true motivation. An excellent and sadly necessary book.” — Professor Richard Dawkins, author of The Selfish Gene and A Devil's Chaplain
“This is the definitive work on modern creationism, an exhaustively detailed and compelling exposure of the attempt--by the well-known process in nature called by biologists ‘aggressive mimicry’--to corrupt science in the service of sectarian religion. In the process, the book explores the larger and seemingly endless struggle between religion-based tribal values and science-based universal values.” — Edward O. Wilson, University Research Professor, Harvard University
“Forrest and Gross have combined scrupulous standards of documentation with a fluid and lively narrative to generate an engrossing and chilling account of how a few people have been able to wreak havoc with science education. A must-read for anyone interested in how America can be hijacked.” — Ursula Goodenough, Professor of Biology, Washington University and author of The Sacred Depths of Nature
“A scholarly and penetrating analysis of why intelligent design is simply a form of creationism, and why both are in turn a form of religious ideology, with nothing to do with serious science. A must read for educators, scientists, and policy makers. A wake up call for everybody else.” — Massimo Pigliucci, Professor, University of Tennessee, author of Denying Evolution: Creationism, Scientism, and the Nature of Science
“With all the rigor and detail of Ronald Numbers’s The Creationists but with the passion and verve of Richard Dawkins or Stephen Jay Gould, Creationism's Trojan Horse incisively analyzes the latest evolutionary step of creationism: ‘intelligent design.’ Forrest and Gross’s history and critique of intelligent design creationism is both authoritative and fascinating, painstakingly researched and compellingly argued. Creationism's Trojan Horse will be the standard work on intelligent design creationism for years to come.” — Dr. Eugenie C. Scott, Executive Director, National Center for Science Education
“Creationism's Trojan Horse documents the disturbing movement to sneak religious dogma back into science education, driven by the vague fear that Americans can’t handle the truth. Educators, scientists, and politicians would do well to understand this movement and its tactics, and this book is a superb and timely analysis.” — Steven Pinker, Johnstone Professor, Harvard University, and author of How the Mind Works and The Blank Slate
President, Institute on
Religion in an Age of Science